cold


cold
{{11}}cold (adj.) O.E. cald (Anglian), ceald (W.Saxon) "cold, cool" (adj.), "coldness," from P.Gmc. *kaldaz (Cf. O.Fris., O.S. kald, O.H.G., Ger. kalt, O.N. kaldr, Goth. kalds "cold"), possibly a pp. adjective of *kal-/*kol-, from PIE root *gel-/*gol- "cold" (Cf. L. gelare "to freeze," gelu "frost," glacies “ice”). Meaning "not strong" (in reference to scent) is 1590s, from hunting. Cold front in weather is from 1921. Cold-call in the sales pitch sense first recorded 1972. Japanese has two words for "cold:" samui for coldness in the atmosphere or environment; tsumetai for things which are cold to touch, and also in the figurative sense, with reference to personalities, behaviors, etc.
{{12}}cold (n.) c.1300, "coldness," from cold (adj.). Sense in common cold is 1530s, from symptoms resembling those of exposure to cold; Cf. earlier senses "indisposition caused by exposure to cold" (early 14c.); "discomfort caused by cold" (c.1300).

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

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  • Cold — (k[=o]ld), a. [Compar. {Colder} ( [ e]r); superl. {Coldest}.] [OE. cold, cald, AS. cald, ceald; akin to OS. kald, D. koud, G. kalt, Icel. kaldr, Dan. kold, Sw. kall, Goth. kalds, L. gelu frost, gelare to freeze. Orig. p. p. of AS. calan to be… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • cold — [kōld] adj. [ME < OE (Anglian) cald < IE base * gel , cold > COOL, Ger kalt, L gelidus] 1. of a temperature significantly or noticeably lower than average, normal, expected, or comfortable; very chilly; frigid [a cold wind] 2. a) without …   English World dictionary

  • cold — cold, cool, chilly, frigid, freezing, frosty, gelid, icy, glacial, arctic mean having a temperature below that which is normal or comfortable. Cold is the general term, often implying nothing more than a lack of warmth {a cold day} {a cold hand}… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • cold — ► ADJECTIVE 1) of or at a low or relatively low temperature. 2) not feeling or showing emotion or affection. 3) not affected by emotion; objective: cold statistics. 4) (of a colour) containing pale blue or grey and giving no impression of warmth …   English terms dictionary

  • Cold — Cold, n. 1. The relative absence of heat or warmth. [1913 Webster] 2. The sensation produced by the escape of heat; chilliness or chillness. [1913 Webster] When she saw her lord prepared to part, A deadly cold ran shivering to her heart. Dryden.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • cold — cold; cold·ish; cold·ness; cold·slaw; cold·heart·ed·ly; cold·heart·ed·ness; …   English syllables

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