cloister


cloister
{{11}}cloister (n.) early 13c., from O.Fr. cloistre "monastery, convent" (12c., Mod.Fr. cloître) or O.E. clauster, both from M.L. claustrum "portion of monastery closed off to laity," from L. claustrum "place shut in, enclosure; bar, bolt, means of shutting in," from pp. stem of claudere (see CLOSE (Cf. close) (v.)). Sense of "enclosed space" extended to "place of religious seclusion."
{{12}}cloister (v.) c.1400 (implied in cloistered), from CLOISTER (Cf. cloister) (n.). Related: Cloistered; cloistering.

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

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  • Cloister — • The English equivalent of the Latin word clausura (from claudere, to shut up ) Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Cloister     Cloister      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Cloister — Clois ter, n. [OF. cloistre, F. clo[^i]tre, L. claustrum, pl. claustra, bar, bolt, bounds, fr. claudere, clausum, to close. See {Close}, v. t., and cf. {Claustral}.] [1913 Webster] 1. An inclosed place. [Obs.] Chaucer. [1913 Webster] 2. A covered …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • cloister — [klois′tər] n. [ME < OFr cloistre & OE clauster, both < ML(Ec) claustrum, portion of monastery closed off to the laity < L, a bolt, place shut in < pp. of claudere, to CLOSE2] 1. a place of religious seclusion: monastery or convent 2 …   English World dictionary

  • cloister — n 1 Cloister, convent, monastery, nunnery, abbey, priory. Cloister and convent are general terms denoting a place of retirement from the world for members of a religious community; they may apply to houses for recluses of either sex. In such use… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • Cloister — Clois ter, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Cloistered}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Cloistering}.] To confine in, or as in, a cloister; to seclude from the world; to immure. [1913 Webster] None among them are thought worthy to be styled religious persons but those… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • cloister — ► NOUN 1) a covered, and typically colonnaded, passage round an open court in a convent, monastery, college, or cathedral. 2) (the cloister) the secluded life of a monk or nun. ► VERB ▪ seclude or shut up in a convent or monastery. DERIVATIVES… …   English terms dictionary

  • cloister — index circumscribe (surround by boundary), envelop, restrict, sequester (seclude), shut Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • cloister — [n] secluded religious place abbey, cell, chapter house, convent, friary, hermitage, house, lamasery, monastery, nunnery, order, priorate, priory, religious community, retreat, sanctuary; concepts 368,516 …   New thesaurus

  • Cloister — Cloisters redirects here. For the museum in New York City, see The Cloisters. For other uses, see Cloister (disambiguation). Cloister at Salisbury Cathedral …   Wikipedia

  • cloister — cloisterless, adj. cloisterlike, adj. /kloy steuhr/, n. 1. a covered walk, esp. in a religious institution, having an open arcade or colonnade usually opening onto a courtyard. 2. a courtyard, esp. in a religious institution, bordered with such… …   Universalium

  • cloister — I (New American Roget s College Thesaurus) n. abbey, priory, convent, hermitage, monastery; retreat, sanctuary; arcade, colonnade. See seclusion, abode, temple. II (Roget s IV) n. 1. [A place of religious seclusion] Syn. monastery, convent, abbey …   English dictionary for students