bit


bit
{{11}}bit (n.1) "small piece," c.1200, from related O.E. words bite "act of biting," and bita "piece bitten off," are probably the source of the modern words meaning "boring-piece of a drill" (1590s), "mouthpiece of a horse's bridle" (mid-14c.), and "a piece bitten off, morsel" (c.1000). All from P.Gmc. *biton (Cf. O.S. biti, O.N. bit, O.Fris. bite, M.Du. bete, O.H.G. bizzo "biting," Ger. Bissen "a bite, morsel"), from PIE root *bheid- "to split" (see FISSURE (Cf. fissure)). Meaning "small piece, fragment" is from c.1600. Sense of "short space of time" is 1650s. Theatrical bit part is from 1909. Money sense in two bits, six bits, etc. is originally from Southern U.S. and West Indies, in reference to silver wedges cut or stamped from Spanish dollars (later Mexican reals); transferred to "eighth of a dollar."
{{12}}bit (n.2) computerese word, 1948 abbreviation coined by U.S. computer pioneer John W. Tukey (1915-2000) of binary digit, probably chosen for its identity with BIT (Cf. bit) (n.1).
{{12}}bit (v.) past tense of BITE (Cf. bite).

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

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  • bit — bit …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • bitərəfləşmə — «Bitərəfləşmək»dən f. is …   Azərbaycan dilinin izahlı lüğəti

  • Bit — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Bit es el acrónimo de Binary digit. (dígito binario). Un bit es un dígito del sistema de numeración binario. Mientras que en el sistema de numeración decimal se usan diez dígitos, en el binario se usan sólo dos… …   Wikipedia Español

  • BIT — (binary digit) Contraction de l’expression anglaise binary digit (chiffre binaire), le terme bit prend en informatique trois significations différentes. Puisqu’on se trouve ici dans un système de numération à base 2, deux symboles (habituellement …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Bit — [bɪt], das; [s], [s]: kleinste Einheit der Informationseinheit beim Computer: ein Byte besteht aus acht Bit; ein Bit steht entweder auf 0 oder auf 1. * * * bịt 〈EDV; Zeichen für〉 Bit * * * 1Bịt , das; [s], s <aber: eine Million Bits od.… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • bit — bit1 [bit] n. [ME < OE bite, a bite < bītan, BITE] 1. the part of a bridle that goes into a horse s mouth, used to control the horse: see BRIDLE 2. anything that curbs or controls 3. the part of a pipestem held in the mouth: see PIPE 4. th …   English World dictionary

  • bit — Ⅰ. bit [1] ► NOUN 1) a small piece or quantity. 2) (a bit) a short time or distance. 3) (also bit of fluff or stuff) informal a girl or young woman. ● a bit …   English terms dictionary

  • bit.ly — bit.ly …   Википедия

  • BIT — (homonymie) Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom.  Pour les articles homophones, voir Bite (homonymie) et Bitte (homonymie) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • bit — BIT, biţi, s.m. (inform.) Unitate de măsură pentru cantitatea de informaţie (3) dintr un semnal, corespunzător logaritmului în baza 2. – Din engl., fr. bit. Trimis de paula, 03.09.2007. Sursa: DEX 98  bit (unitate de informaţie) s. m., pl. biţi… …   Dicționar Român

  • Bit — Sn Binärzeichen per. Wortschatz fach. (20. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus ne. bit, einem Kunstwort ( blending ) aus ne. binary digit binäre Zahl . E. binary geht (wie auch nhd. binär) zurück auf l. bīnārius zwei enthaltend , zu l. bīnus je zwei ;… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache