benzene


benzene
benzene 1835, benzine, altered from Ger. Benzin, coined in 1833 by German chemist Eilhardt Mitscherlich (1794-1863) from Benz(oesäure) "benzoic acid" + -ENE (Cf. -ene) (Ger. -in), hydrocarbon suffix. Mitscherlich obtained it from a distillation of benzoic acid, obtained from BENZOIN (Cf. benzoin). The form benzene dates from 1872 in English. In 19c. it also sometimes was called benzol. Faraday was first to discover the compound (in fish oil) and called it bicarburet of hydrogen.

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Benzene — Benzène Benzène Structure et représentations du benzène Général Nom IUPAC Benzène …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Benzène — Structure et représentations du benzène Général Nom IUPAC Benzène …   Wikipédia en Français

  • BENZÈNE — Le plus simple des hydrocarbures aromatiques. Formule: C6H6 Fréquemment symbolisé par: Masse moléculaire: 78,11 g Masse spécifique: 0,88 g/cm3 Point de fusion: 5,5 0C Point d’ébullition: 80,09 0C. Cristaux incolores dans le système orthorhombique …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Benzene — Ben zene, n. [From {Benzoin}.] (Chem.) A volatile, very inflammable liquid, {C6H6}, contained in the naphtha produced by the destructive distillation of coal, from which it is separated by fractional distillation. The name is sometimes applied… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • benzene — ► NOUN Chemistry ▪ a volatile liquid hydrocarbon present in coal tar and petroleum. ORIGIN from BENZOIC ACID(Cf. ↑B) …   English terms dictionary

  • benzene — [ben′zēn, ben zēn′] n. [ BENZ(OIC) + ENE] a clear, flammable, poisonous, aromatic liquid, C6H6, obtained by scrubbing coal gas with oil and by the fractional distillation of coal tar: it is used as a solvent and in making a vast number of… …   English World dictionary

  • Benzene — For other uses, see Benzene (disambiguation). See also: Benzole Benzene …   Wikipedia

  • benzene — /ben zeen, ben zeen /, n. Chem. a colorless, volatile, flammable, toxic, slightly water soluble, liquid, aromatic compound, C6H6, obtained chiefly from coal tar: used in the manufacture of commercial and medicinal chemicals, dyes, and as a… …   Universalium

  • Benzene — A highly toxic hydrocarbon known to cause anemia and leukemia. The anemia associated with benzene exposure is termed aplastic anemia. Benzene is used as a solvent. It comes from light coal tar oil and chemically is C6H6. The use of glues and… …   Medical dictionary

  • benzene — n. a colourless carcinogenic volatile liquid found in coal tar, petroleum, etc., and used as a solvent and in the manufacture of plastics etc. Usage: Chem. formula: C6H6 Phrases and idioms: benzene ring the hexagonal unsaturated ring of six… …   Useful english dictionary