bar


bar
{{11}}bar (n.1) late 12c., "stake or rod of iron used to fasten a door or gate," from O.Fr. barre (12c.) "beam, bar, gate, barrier," from V.L. *barra "bar, barrier," which some suggest is from Gaulish *barros "the bushy end" [Gamillscheg], but OED regards this as "discredited" because it "in no way suits the sense." Of soap, by 1833; of candy, by 1906 (the process itself dates to the 1840s). Meaning "bank of sand across a harbor or river mouth" is from 1580s, probably so called because it was an obstruction to navigation. Bar graph is attested from 1925. Bar code first recorded 1963. Behind bars "in prison" is attested by 1934, U.S.
{{12}}bar (n.2) "tavern," 1590s, so called in reference to the bars of the barrier or counter over which drinks or food were served to customers (see BAR (Cf. bar) (n.1)).
{{12}}bar (n.3) "whole body of lawyers, the legal profession," 1550s, a sense which derives ultimately from the railing that separated benchers from the hall in the Inns of Court. Students who had attained a certain standing were "called" to it to take part in the important exercises of the house. After c.1600, however, this was popularly assumed to mean the bar in a courtroom, which was the wooden railing marking off the area around the judge's seat, where prisoners stood for arraignment and where a BARRISTER (Cf. barrister) (q.v.) stood to plead. As the place where the business of court was done, bar in this sense had become synonymous with "court" by early 14c.
{{13}}bar (n.4) unit of pressure, coined 1903 from Gk. baros "weight," from barys "heavy" (see GRAVE (Cf. grave) (adj.)).
{{14}}bar (v.) c.1300, "to fasten (a gate, etc.) with a bar," from BAR (Cf. bar) (n.1); sense of "to obstruct, prevent" is recorded by 1570s. Expression bar none "without exception" is recorded from 1866.

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

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  • bar — bar …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • Bär — Bär …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • bar — bar·a·boo; bar·ag·no·sis; bar·a·min; bar; bar·a·thea; bar·a·thrum; bar·ba; bar·ba·coa; bar·ba·dos; bar·ba·ra s; bar·ba·rea; bar·bar·i·an·ism; bar·bar·i·an·ism; bar·bar·ic; bar·bar·ic; bar·bar·i·cal·ly; bar·bar·i·cal·ly; bar·bar·i·ous;… …   English syllables

  • Bar — may refer to:* A rod/stick, pole, or handrail made of structural steel ** Grab bar ** Rebar * an ingot or gold bar * Bar (diacritic), a line through a letter used as a diacritic * Bar (establishment), a retail establishment which serves alcoholic …   Wikipedia

  • bar — 1 / bär/ n often attrib 1 a: the railing in a courtroom that encloses the area around the judge where prisoners are stationed in criminal cases or where the business of the court is transacted in civil cases compare bench 1, dock …   Law dictionary

  • BAR — bezeichnet: in der Gastronomie ein Lokal in dem Getränke ausgeschenkt werden, siehe Bar (Lokal) Bar (Fluss), einen linken Nebenfluss der Maas Bar (Fluss in der Ukraine), Fluss in der Oblast Lemberg, Ukraine einen türkischen Tanz, siehe Bar (Tanz) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bar — steht für: eine Maßeinheit des Drucks, siehe Bar (Einheit) in der Gastronomie ein Lokal, in dem Getränke ausgeschenkt werden, siehe Bar (Lokal) in Musik und Lyrik eine Strophenform, siehe Bar (Meistergesang) im Alten Ägypten für einen Schiffstyp …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bar — (b[aum]r), n. [OE. barre, F. barre, fr. LL. barra, W. bar the branch of a tree, bar, baren branch, Gael. & Ir. barra bar. [root]91.] 1. A piece of wood, metal, or other material, long in proportion to its breadth or thickness, used as a lever and …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Bär — steht für: Bär (Familienname), den Familiennamen Bär Baer (Adelsgeschlecht) in den Varianten Baehr, Baer oder Bär Bären (Ursidae), Tierfamilie mit ihren Unterarten Bär (Wappentier), ein Wappentier Bärenspinner, einen von mehreren Vertretern einer …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • bar — bar1 [bär] n. [ME & OFr barre < ML barra, bar, barrier, prob. < Gaul * barros, the bushy end, akin to Ir bar, branch < IE * bhoros, cut wood < base * bher , to cut with a sharp tool] 1. any piece of wood, metal, etc. longer than it is …   English World dictionary

  • BAR — BAR, town in Vinnitsa oblast, Ukraine. Bar passed to Russia at the second partition of Poland in 1793, and from 1796 to the 1917 Russian Revolution was a district capital in the province (government) of Podolia. The Bar community was one of the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism