aniline


aniline
aniline (n.) chemical base used in making colorful dyes, 1843, coined 1841 by German chemist Carl Julius Fritzsche (1808-1871) and adopted by Hofmann, ultimately from Port. anil "the indigo shrub," from Arabic an-nil "the indigo," assimilated from al-nil, from Pers. nila, ultimately from Skt. nili "indigo," from nilah "dark blue." With chemical suffix -INE (Cf. -ine) (2).

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

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  • ANILINE — L’aniline est un composé organique renfermant une fonction amine primaire, c’est à dire un atome d’azote lié à un carbone et à deux hydrogènes; l’atome de carbone appartenant à un noyau benzénique, il s’agit d’une amine aromatique, la plus simple …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Aniline — An i*line, a. Made from, or of the nature of, aniline. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Aniline — An i*line (?; 277), n. [See {Anil}.] (Chem.) An organic base belonging to the phenylamines. It may be regarded as ammonia in which one hydrogen atom has been replaced by the radical phenyl. It is a colorless, oily liquid, originally obtained from …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • aniline — ► NOUN ▪ an oily liquid found in coal tar, used in the manufacture of dyes, drugs, and plastics. ORIGIN from an Arabic word meaning indigo (from which it was originally obtained) …   English terms dictionary

  • aniline — [an′ə lin, an′əlēn΄, an′əlīn΄] n. [Ger anilin: see ANIL & INE3] a colorless, poisonous, oily liquid, C6H5NH2, a derivative of benzene used in making dyes, resins, rubber additives, fungicides, herbicides, etc., and in organic synthesis …   English World dictionary

  • Aniline — For other uses, see Aniline (disambiguation). Aniline …   Wikipedia

  • Aniline — Cet article possède un paronyme, voir : Alanine. Aniline …   Wikipédia en Français

  • aniline — /an l in, uyn /, n. 1. Also called aniline oil, aminobenzine, phenylamine. Chem. a colorless, oily, slightly water soluble liquid, C6H5NH2, usually derived from nitrobenzene by reduction: used chiefly in the synthesis of dyes and drugs. adj. 2.… …   Universalium

  • Aniline — A chemical compound implicated, along with o toluidine, in the causation of bladder cancer. Aniline and o toluidine, both aromatic amines, are used in the manufacture of a variety of dyes, pharmaceuticals, pesticides, and chemicals employed in… …   Medical dictionary

  • aniline — /ˈænələn / (say anuhluhn) noun 1. an aromatic amine, aminobenzene, C6H5NH2, used in the manufacture of plastics, resins, etc. –adjective 2. relating to or derived from aniline: aniline colours. {anil + ine2} …   Australian English dictionary


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