- Artaxerxes Persian masc. proper name, in classical history, a son of Xerxes II, also a son of Darius, from Gk. Artaxerxes (explained by Herodotus as "Great Warrior"), from O.Pers. ArtaxЕЎaca, lit. "having a kingdom of justice," from arta- "justice" + xЕЎaca "kingdom."
Etymology dictionary. 2014.