ale


ale
ale (n.) O.E. ealu "ale, beer," from P.Gmc. *aluth- (Cf. O.S. alo, O.N. öl), perhaps from PIE root meaning "bitter" (Cf. L. alumen "alum"), or from PIE *alu-t "ale," from root *alu-, which has connotations of "sorcery, magic, possession, intoxication." The word was borrowed from Germanic into Lithuanian (alus) and Old Church Slavonic (olu).
In the fifteenth century, and until the seventeenth, ale stood for the unhopped fermented malt liquor which had long been the native drink of these islands. Beer was the hopped malt liquor introduced from the Low Countires in the fifteenth century and popular first of all in the towns. By the eighteenth century, however, all malt liquor was hopped and there had been a silent mutation in the meaning of the two terms. For a time the terms became synonymous, in fact, but local habits of nomenclature still continued to perpetuate what had been a real difference: 'beer' was the malt liquor which tended to be found in towns, 'ale' was the term in general use in the country districts. [Peter Mathias, "The Brewing Industry in England," Cambridge University Press, 1959]
Meaning "festival or merry-meeting at which much ale was drunk" was in Old English (see BRIDAL (Cf. bridal)).

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

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  • ale — [ ɛl ] n. f. • 1280; mot du moy. néerl.; repris à l angl. au XVIIe ♦ Bière anglaise blonde et peu amère, fabriquée avec du malt peu torréfié. ⇒ pale ale. Des ales. ⊗ HOM. Aile, elle, 1. l. ● ale nom féminin (moyen néerlandais ale) Bière anglaise… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • ale — I {{/stl 13}}{{stl 8}}spój. {{/stl 8}}{{stl 7}} łączy zdania współrzędne lub równorzędne człony zdania o treści przeciwstawnej, skontrastowanej; wprowadzany fragment wypowiedzi jest często zastrzeżeniem do treści poprzedzających; lub : {{/stl… …   Langenscheidt Polski wyjaśnień

  • Ale — 〈[ ɛıl] n. 15; unz.〉 helles engl. Bier [engl.] * * * Ale [e:l , engl.: eɪl], das; s, s [engl. ale < aengl. (e)alu, H. u.]: helles, obergäriges englisches Bier. * * * Ale   [eɪl, englisch] das, s, englisches obergäriges Bier mit hohem… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • ale — ale; ale·cost; ale·gri·as; brid·ale; ra·di·ale; roy·ale; ale·a·tor·ic; ale·a·to·ry; ale·wife; tib·i·ale; ale·cith·ic; gradu·ale; …   English syllables

  • Ale — steht für: Address Latch Enable, ein Steuersignal beim Datentransfer im Zeitmultiplexverfahren Application Level Event, ein Standard für eine RFID Softwareschnittstelle Application Link Enabling, Synchronisierung von Daten über verschiedene SAP… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ale — ale. interj. hala. * * * Ale es un nombre que abarca a todas las cervezas de fermentación alta, lo que las diferencia de las Lager que son de baja fermentación. La fermentación alta quiere decir que la levadura que cumple el proceso de… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • ALE — steht für: Address Latch Enable, ein Steuersignal beim Datentransfer im Zeitmultiplexverfahren Amt für Ländliche Entwicklung Application Level Event, ein Standard für eine RFID Softwareschnittstelle Application Link Enabling, Synchronisierung von …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ale — ([=a]l), n. [AS. ealu, akin to Icel., Sw., and Dan. [ o]l, Lith. alus a kind of beer, OSlav. ol[u^] beer. Cf. Ir. ol drink, drinking.] 1. An intoxicating liquor made from an infusion of malt by fermentation and the addition of a bitter, usually… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Alê — Aleksander Montrinas «Alê» est un footballeur brésilien né le 11 septembre 1981 à Brasilia. Carrière 2004 2005 : CA Bragantino  Brésil 2005 ... : Beira Mar …   Wikipédia en Français

  • ale — alleu archal boréal boréale bractéal bractéale châle céréale dual duale déciduale floréal franc alleu féal féale halle hâle joual linéal linéale marshal marshall maréchal maréchale multisalles negro spiritual nivéal nivéale ombellale pale ale… …   Dictionnaire des rimes


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