alcohol


alcohol
alcohol (n.) 1540s (early 15c. as alcofol), "fine powder produced by sublimation," from M.L. alcohol "powdered ore of antimony," from Arabic al-kuhul "kohl," the fine metallic powder used to darken the eyelids, from kahala "to stain, paint." The al- is the Arabic definite article, "the."
"Powdered cosmetic" was the earliest sense in English; definition broadened 1670s to "any sublimated substance, the pure spirit of anything," including liquids. Modern sense of "intoxicating ingredient in strong liquor" is first recorded 1753, short for alcohol of wine, which was extended to "the intoxicating element in fermented liquors." In organic chemistry, the word was extended 1850 to the class of compounds of the same type as this.

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

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  • Alcohol 52% — Alcohol 120% / Alcohol 52% Entwickler: Alcohol Software Aktuelle Version: 1.9.8.7530 (2. April 2009) Betriebssystem: Microsoft Windows ab 2000[1] Kategorie …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • alcohol — (Del ár. hisp. kuḥúl, y este del ár. clás. kuḥl). 1. m. Quím. Cada uno de los compuestos orgánicos que contienen el grupo hidroxilo unido a un radical alifático o a alguno de sus derivados. 2. por antonom. alcohol etílico. 3. Bebida que contiene… …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • Alcohol — Al co*hol ([a^]l k[ o]*h[o^]l), n. [Cf. F. alcool, formerly written alcohol, Sp. alcohol alcohol, antimony, galena, OSp. alcofol; all fr. Ar. al kohl a powder of antimony or galena, to paint the eyebrows with. The name was afterwards applied, on… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • alcohol — m. bioquím. Nombre de diversas sustancias orgánicas formadas por carbono, hidrógeno y oxígeno que derivan de los hidrocarburos al ser substituidos uno o varios átomos de hidrógeno por otros tantos hidroxilos (OH). En el organismo, el consumo de… …   Diccionario médico

  • alcohol — sustantivo masculino 1. Líquido de olor fuerte, incoloro e inflamable, que se obtiene de la destilación de ciertas sustancias, azucaradas o feculentas, fermentadas: cuarenta grados de alcohol. alcohol etílico. 2. Bebida que contiene este líquido …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • Alcohol 52% — Alcohol 120% Alcohol 120% Développeur Alcohol Software Dernière version 1.9.8.7612/ 27/04/ …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Alcohol 52 % — Alcohol 120% Alcohol 120% Développeur Alcohol Software Dernière version 1.9.8.7612/ 27/04/ …   Wikipédia en Français

  • alcohol — [al′kə hôl΄, al′kəhäl΄] n. [ML, term used by PARACELSUS Philippus Aureolus for fine powder, distilled spirit < Ar alkuḥl, antimony powder, collyrium < al, the + kuḥl, KOHL] 1. a colorless, volatile, pungent liquid, C2H5OH: it can be burned… …   English World dictionary

  • Alcohol — steht für Alcohol 120% Alcohol Creek Siehe auch Alkohol Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrerer mit demselben Wort bezeichneter Begriffe …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • alcohol — noun alcoholic beverage, inebriant, intoxicant, intoxicating liquor, liquor, potation, spirits Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 alcohol The act …   Law dictionary


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