absolute


absolute
absolute (adj.) late 14c., "unrestricted; complete, perfect;" also "not relative to something else" (mid-15c.), from M.Fr. absolut (14c., O.Fr. asolu, Mod.Fr. absolu), from L. absolutus, pp. of absolvere "to set free, make separate" (see ABSOLVE (Cf. absolve)). Most of the current senses also were in the Latin word. Sense evolution was "detached, disengaged," thus "perfect, pure." Meaning "despotic" (1610s) is from notion of "absolute in position." Absolute monarchy is recorded from 1735 (absolute king is recorded from 1610s); scientific absolute magnitude (1902), absolute value (1907) are from early 20c. In metaphysics, the absolute "that which is absolute" is from 1809.

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

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  • absolute — ab·so·lute adj 1 a: free from qualification, condition, exception, or restriction rights that even seem absolute have these qualifications Long v. Rockwood, 277 U.S. 142 (1927) see also absolute ownership at ownership compare …   Law dictionary

  • Absolute — Ab so*lute, a. [L. absolutus, p. p. of absolvere: cf. F. absolu. See {Absolve}.] 1. Loosed from any limitation or condition; uncontrolled; unrestricted; unconditional; as, absolute authority, monarchy, sovereignty, an absolute promise or command; …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Absolute — may mean:Philosophy * Absolute (philosophy), a concept in philosophy * Moral absolutes, the belief that there are absolute standards against which moral questions can be judgedMath and science * Absolute value, in mathematics, the value of a real …   Wikipedia

  • absolute — [ab′sə lo͞ot΄, ab΄sə lo͞ot′] adj. [ME absolut < L absolutus, pp. of absolvere, to loosen from: see ABSOLVE] 1. perfect; complete; whole [absolute silence] 2. not mixed; pure [absolute alcohol] 3. not limited by a constitution, parliament,… …   English World dictionary

  • absolute — 1 *pure, simple, sheer Analogous words: *perfect, whole, entire: *real, true: *abstract, ideal: *consummate, finished Antonyms: mixed, qualified Contrasted words: incomplete (see affirmative adjective at …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • Absolute — est un groupe français de fusion metal originaire de la Seine Saint Denis. Sommaire 1 Biographie 2 Membres 2.1 Membres d aujourd hui 2.2 Anciens membres …   Wikipédia en Français

  • absolute — [adj1] without limit complete, consummate, downright, entire, flat out*, free, full, infinite, no catch*, no fine print*, no holds barred*, no ifs ands or buts*, no joke*, no strings attached*, outright, plenary, pure, sheer, simple, straight out …   New thesaurus

  • Absolute — (Реджо ди Калабрия,Италия) Категория отеля: Адрес: Via Demetrio Tripepi 149, 89125 Реджо д …   Каталог отелей

  • absolute — UK US /ˈæbsəluːt/ adjective ► very great or to the largest degree possible: »The board said they had absolute confidence in the CEO, despite the company s difficulties. ► [before noun] used when expressing a strong opinion: »It s an absolute… …   Financial and business terms

  • absolute — ► ADJECTIVE 1) not qualified or diminished in any way; total. 2) having unlimited power: an absolute ruler. 3) not relative or comparative: absolute moral principles. 4) Grammar (of a construction) syntactically independent of the rest of the… …   English terms dictionary