wolf


wolf
wolf O.E. wulf, from P.Gmc. *wulfaz (Cf. O.S. wulf, O.N. ulfr, O.Fris., Du., O.H.G., Ger. wolf, Goth. wulfs), from PIE *wlqwos/*lukwos, from root *wlp-/*lup- (Cf. Skt. vrkas, Avestan vehrka-; Albanian ulk; O.C.S. vluku; Rus. volcica; Lith. vilkas "wolf;" O.Pers. Varkana- "Hyrcania," district southeast of the Caspian Sea, lit. "wolf-land;" probably also Gk. lykos, L. lupus). The verb meaning "eat like a wolf" is attested from 1862. Wolves as a symbol of lust are ancient, e.g. Roman slang lupa "whore," lit. "she-wolf" (preserved in Sp. loba, It. lupa, Fr. louve). The equation of "wolf" and "prostitute, sexually voracious female" persisted into 12c., but by Elizabethan times wolves had become primarily symbolic of male lust. The specific use of wolf for "sexually aggressive male" first recorded 1847; wolf-whistle first attested 1952. The image of a wolf in sheep's skin is attested from c.1400. See ↑http://www.etymonline.com/wolf.php here for a discussion of "wolf" in I.E. history.
This manne can litle skyl ... to saue himself harmlesse from the perilous accidentes of this world, keping ye wulf from the doore (as they cal it). ["The Institution of a Gentleman," 1555]

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

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  • Wolf — Wolf, n.; pl. {Wolves}. [OE. wolf, wulf, AS. wulf; akin to OS. wulf, D. & G. wolf, Icel. [=u]lfr, Sw. ulf, Dan. ulv, Goth. wulfs, Lith. vilkas, Russ. volk , L. lupus, Gr. ly kos, Skr. v[.r]ka; also to Gr. e lkein to draw, drag, tear in pieces.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • WOLF (H.) — «La vie de Wolf, écrit Ernst Decsey, ressemble à un de ses lieder: courte introduction, toute en lutte, explosion, décharge du cœur en une cantilène brûlante, chute dans un épilogue muet: un drame sur une page d’imprimerie.» Quant à son œuvre,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Wolf — Wolf: Wolf   общепринятое сокращение (обозначение) имени ботаника, которое добавляется к научным (латинским) названиям некоторых таксонов ботанической номенклатуры и указывает на то, что автором этих наименований является Вольф,… …   Википедия

  • WOLF — WOLF, U.S. family of communal leaders with branches in Philadelphia and Washington. The brothers ELIAS WOLF (1820–after 1881) and ABRAHAM and LEVI WOLF (1811–1893) were born in Bavaria and emigrated to the United States. Elias Wolf arrived about… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Wolf — Wolf: Der gemeingerm. Tiername mhd., ahd. wolf, got. wulfs, engl. wolf, schwed. ulv beruht mit verwandten Wörtern in anderen idg. Sprachen auf idg. *u̯l̥ko s »Wolf«, vgl. z. B. lat. lupus »Wolf«, griech. lýkos »Wolf«. Das idg. Wort ist… …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

  • Wolf — Wolf, Charles Wolf, Christa Wolf, Friedrich August Wolf, Johannes Wolf, Max Wolf, Rudolf * * * (as used in expressions) Sacks, Oliver (Wolf) Wolf, Christa Wolf, Hugo (Filipp Jakob) …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • WOLF (C.) — WOLF CHRISTA (1929 ) Christa Wolf est née à Landsberg. Après des études de germanistique, elle devient collaboratrice scientifique du Deutscher Schriftstellerverband, l’Union des écrivains allemands, puis lectrice et rédactrice à Berlin Est et… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • wolf — ► NOUN (pl. wolves) 1) a carnivorous mammal that lives and hunts in packs and is the largest member of the dog family. 2) informal a man who habitually seduces women. ► VERB (usu. wolf down) ▪ devour (food) greedily. ● cry wolf Cf. ↑ …   English terms dictionary

  • wolf — [woolf] n. pl. wolves [woolvz] [ME < OE wulf, akin to Ger wolf, ON ulfr, Goth wulfs < IE base * wḷp , * lup , name of animals of prey > L lupus, Gr lykos] 1. a) any of various wild canine carnivores (genus Canis), esp. the gray wolf,… …   English World dictionary


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