stem


stem
{{11}}stem (n.) O.E. stemn, stefn "stem of a plant," also "either end-post of a ship," from P.Gmc. *stamniz (Cf. O.S. stamm, O.N. stafn "stem of a ship;" Dan. stamme, Swed. stam "trunk of a tree;" O.H.G. stam, Ger. Stamm), from PIE root *sta- "to stand" (see STET (Cf. stet)). Meaning "support of a wineglass" is from 1835. Stem-winding watches (1875) were advanced and desirable when introduced, hence slang stem-winder "excellent thing" (1892). The nautical sense is preserved in the phrase stem to stern "along the full length" (of a ship), attested from 1620s. The verbal phrase stems from, first recorded 1932, Amer.Eng., translates Ger. stammen aus, probably from a figurative sense represented by English stem (n.) in the sense of "stock of a family, line of descent" (c.1540; Cf. family tree, and Ger. stammvater "tribal ancestor," lit. "stem-father"). Stem cell attested by 1885.
{{12}}stem (v.) "to hold back," c.1300, from O.N. stemma "to stop," from P.Gmc. *stamjan (Cf. Swed. stämma, O.S. stemmian, M.Du. stemon, Ger. stemmen "stop, resist, oppose"), from PIE root *stem- "to strike against something" (Cf. Lith. stumiu "thrust, push"). Phrase to stem the tide is lit. "to hold back the tide," but often is confused with stem (v.) in sense of "to make headway against, head in a certain course" (late 14c.), which is from STEM (Cf. stem) (n.)).

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

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  • stem — stem …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • Stem — (st[e^]m), n. [AS. stemn, stefn, st[ae]fn; akin to OS. stamn the stem of a ship, D. stam stem, steven stem of a ship, G. stamm stem, steven stem of a ship, Icel. stafn, stamn, stem of a ship, stofn, stomn, stem, Sw. stam a tree trunk, Dan. stamme …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • stem — [ stɛm ] n. m. VAR. stemm • 1934, 1924; mot norv. ♦ Ski Virage accompli en ouvrant le ski aval et en le rapprochant à la sortie de la courbe. ● stem ou stemm nom masculin (norvégien stemm) À ski, virage basé sur le transfert du poids du corps d… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Stem — may also refer to:* a Scanning Transmission Electron Microscope (STEM) or Scanning Transmission Electron Microscopy (STEM) * STEM fields, Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics, collectively considered core technological underpinnings… …   Wikipedia

  • stem — stem1 [stem] n. [ME < OE stemn, stefn, akin to Ger stamm, tree trunk < IE base * stebh , post, pole > STEP, STAFF1] 1. the main upward growing axis of a plant, having nodes and bearing leaves, usually extending in a direction opposite to …   English World dictionary

  • Stem — Stem, v. t. 1. To remove the stem or stems from; as, to stem cherries; to remove the stem and its appendages (ribs and veins) from; as, to stem tobacco leaves. [1913 Webster] 2. To ram, as clay, into a blasting hole. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Stem — Stem, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Stemmed}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Stemming}.] [Either from stem, n., or akin to stammer; cf. G. stemmen to press against.] To oppose or cut with, or as with, the stem of a vessel; to resist, or make progress against; to stop… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • STEM — (sigle de « science, technology, engineering, and mathematics ») est un américanisme désignant quatre disciplines : science, technologie, ingénierie et mathématiques. En 2011, selon l’United States National Research Council et le… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • stem — s. n. Trimis de siveco, 10.08.2004. Sursa: Dicţionar ortografic  STEM s.n. (mar.) Acord de angajare a unei nave prin care armatorul se obligă să efectueze transportul, se hotărăsc data şi locul încărcării, cantitatea de încărcat rămânând… …   Dicționar Român

  • stem — Ⅰ. stem [1] ► NOUN 1) the main body or stalk of a plant or shrub. 2) the stalk supporting a fruit, flower, or leaf. 3) a long, thin supportive or main section of something, such as that of a wine glass or tobacco pipe. 4) a rod or cylinder in a… …   English terms dictionary

  • Stem — (nl. ‚Stimme‘) steht für: eine niederländische Tageszeitung, siehe BN/De Stem die ehemalige südafrikanische Nationalhymne, siehe Die Stem van Suid Afrika STEM ist die Abkürzung für: Scanning Transmission Electron Microscope, siehe… …   Deutsch Wikipedia