sin

sin
{{11}}sin (n.) O.E. synn "moral wrongdoing, offense against God, misdeed," from P.Gmc. *sundjo (Cf. O.S. sundia, O.Fris. sende, M.Du. sonde, Ger. Sünde "sin, transgression, trespass, offense"), probably ultimately "true" (Cf. Goth. sonjis, O.N. sannr "true"), from PIE *es-ont-, prp. of root *es- "to be" (see IS (Cf. is)). The semantic development is via notion of "to be truly the one (who is guilty)," as in O.N. phrase verð sannr at "be found guilty of," and the use of the phrase "it is being" in Hittite confessional formula. The same process probably yielded the Latin word sons (gen. sontis) "guilty, criminal" from prp. of sum, esse "to be, that which is." Some etymologists believe the Germanic word was an early borrowing directly from the Latin genitive. Sin-eater is attested from 1680s. To live in sin "cohabit without marriage" is from 1838. Ice hockey slang sin bin "penalty box" is attested from 1950.
{{12}}sin (v.) O.E. syngian "to commit sin," from synn (see SIN (Cf. sin) (n.)). Cf. Du. zondigen, Ger. sündigen. Form alt. from M.E. sunigen by influence of the noun.

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

Синонимы:

См. также в других словарях:

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