science


science
science (n.) c.1300, "knowledge (of something) acquired by study," also "a particular branch of knowledge," from O.Fr. science, from L. scientia "knowledge," from sciens (gen. scientis), prp. of scire "to know," probably originally "to separate one thing from another, to distinguish," related to scindere "to cut, divide," from PIE root *skei- (Cf. Gk. skhizein "to split, rend, cleave," Goth. skaidan, O.E. sceadan "to divide, separate;" see SHED (Cf. shed) (v.)).
Modern sense of "non-arts studies" is attested from 1670s. The distinction is commonly understood as between theoretical truth (Gk. episteme) and methods for effecting practical results (tekhne), but science sometimes is used for practical applications and art for applications of skill. Main modern (restricted) sense of "body of regular or methodical observations or propositions ... concerning any subject or speculation" is attested from 1725; in 17c.-18c. this concept commonly was called philosophy. To blind (someone) with science "confuse by the use of big words or complex explanations" is attested from 1937, originally noted as a phrase from Australia and New Zealand.

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • science — [ sjɑ̃s ] n. f. • 1080; lat. scientia, de scire « savoir » I ♦ 1 ♦ Vx ou littér. Connaissance exacte et approfondie. ⇒ connaissance, 2. savoir. L arbre de la science du bien et du mal. Science de l avenir. ⇒ prescience. Savoir qqch. de science… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Science — Sci ence, n. [F., fr. L. scientia, fr. sciens, entis, p. pr. of scire to know. Cf. {Conscience}, {Conscious}, {Nice}.] 1. Knowledge; knowledge of principles and causes; ascertained truth of facts. [1913 Webster] If we conceive God s sight or… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Science — Beschreibung Fachzeitschrift Fachgebiet Naturwissenschaften Sprache Englisch …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • science — Science. s. f. Connoissance qu on a de quelque chose. Je scay cela de science certaine. je vous en parle avec science, cela passe ma science. Dans les Edits & Declarations du Roy, la formule ordinaire est, De nostre certaine science, pleine… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • science —    Science is a process by which evidence, obtained by systematic experiment or observation, is used to verify or negate hypotheses about any aspect of the universe leading to an accumulation of a body of knowledge and principles. Popular usage… …   Encyclopedia of contemporary British culture

  • Science —    Science has played an integral role in Israel since the late 19th century. Theodor Herzl saw a Jewish homeland that would be a scientific center as well as a spiritual and cultural haven. Jews needed to transform Palestine s landscape from a… …   Historical Dictionary of Israel

  • science — Science, Scientia, Doctrina. Science qui traicte du gouvernement des provinces, Prouincialis scientia. La science du droict, Iuris prudentia. Science qu on apprenoit seulement aux gens libres, Artes ingenuae. La science de Pythagoras est parvenue …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • science — UK US /saɪəns/ noun ► [U] the careful study of the structure and behaviour of the world, especially by doing experiments: »pure/applied science »Space travel is one of the wonders of modern science. »Advances in science and technology are opening …   Financial and business terms

  • Science — (en inglés, ciencia) es la revista y órgano de expresión de la Asociación Estadounidense para el Avance de la Ciencia (American Association for the Advancement of Science, AAAS). Science fue fundada por Thomas Edison en 1880. Se adopta como la… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • science — [sī′əns] n. [OFr < L scientia < sciens, prp. of scire, to know, orig., to discern, distinguish < IE base * skei , to cut, separate > SHEATH, SHIN1, SHIP, SKI, L scindere, to cut] 1. Archaic the state or fact of knowledge; knowledge …   English World dictionary


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.