order


order
{{11}}order (n.) early 13c., "body of persons living under a religious discipline," from O.Fr. ordre (11c.), from earlier ordene, from L. ordinem (nom. ordo) "row, rank, series, arrangement," originally "a row of threads in a loom," from Italic root *ord- "to arrange, arrangement" (Cf. ordiri "to begin to weave," e.g. in PRIMORDIAL (Cf. primordial)), of unknown origin.
Meaning "a rank in the (secular) community" is first recorded c.1300; meaning "command, directive" is first recorded 1540s, from the notion of "to keep in order." Military and honorary orders grew our of the fraternities of Crusader knights. Business and commerce sense is attested from 1837. In natural history, as a classification of living things, it is first recorded 1760. Meaning "condition of a community which is under the rule of law" is from late 15c.
Phrase in order to (1650s) preserves etymological notion of "sequence." The word reflects a medieval notion: "a system of parts subject to certain uniform, established ranks or proportions," and was used of everything from architecture to angels. Old English expressed many of the same ideas with endebyrdnes. In short order "without delay" is from 1834, American English; order of battle is from 1769.
{{12}}order (v.) c.1200, "give order to, to arrange in order," from ORDER (Cf. order) (n.). Meaning "to give orders for or to" is from 1540s. Related: Ordered; ordering.

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

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  • order — or·der 1 n 1: a state of peace, freedom from unruly behavior, and respect for law and proper authority maintain law and order 2: an established mode or state of procedure a call to order 3 a: a mandate from a superior authority see also …   Law dictionary

  • Order — Or der, n. [OE. ordre, F. ordre, fr. L. ordo, ordinis. Cf. {Ordain}, {Ordinal}.] [1913 Webster] 1. Regular arrangement; any methodical or established succession or harmonious relation; method; system; as: (a) Of material things, like the books in …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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  • Order No. 1 — Order Number 1 was issued March 1, 1917 (O.S.) and was the first official decree of The Petrograd Soviet of Workers and Soldiers Deputies. The order was issued following the February Revolution in response to actions taken the day before by the… …   Wikipedia

  • order — [ôr′dər] n. [OFr ordre < L ordo (gen. ordinis), straight row, regular series, akin to ordiri, to lay the warp, hence begin, set in order, prob. < IE base * ar , to join, fit > ARM1, ART1] 1. social position; rank in the community 2. a… …   English World dictionary

  • order — ► NOUN 1) the arrangement of people or things according to a particular sequence or method. 2) a state in which everything is in its correct place. 3) a state in which the laws and rules regulating public behaviour are observed. 4) an… …   English terms dictionary

  • order — [n1] arrangement, organization adjustment, aligning, array, assortment, cast, categorization, classification, codification, composition, computation, disposal, disposition, distribution, establishment, form, grouping, harmony, layout, line,… …   New thesaurus

  • Order — Or der, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Ordered}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Ordering}.] [From {Order}, n.] 1. To put in order; to reduce to a methodical arrangement; to arrange in a series, or with reference to an end. Hence, to regulate; to dispose; to direct; to… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • order# — order n 1 *association, society, club 2 *command, injunction, bidding, behest, mandate, dictate Analogous words: instruction, direction, charging or charge (see corresponding verbs at COMMAND) order vb …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • Order 81 — is one of the most controversial of Paul Bremer s 100 Orders, issued during the reconstruction of Iraq following the invasion of Iraq by the United States in 2003. The order establishes intellectual property restrictions on the use of genetically …   Wikipedia

  • Order — Sf Anweisung, Befehl per. Wortschatz fremd. Erkennbar fremd (17. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus frz. ordre, das von l. ordo Ordnung, Regel stammt. Verb: ordern, beordern.    Ebenso nndl. order, ne. order, nschw. order, nnorw. ordre; Orden.… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache