loan


loan
loan (n.) mid-13c., from O.N. lan, related to lja "to lend," from P.Gmc. *laikhwniz (Cf. O.Fris. len "thing lent," M.Du. lene, Du. leen "loan, fief," O.H.G. lehan, Ger. Lehn "fief, feudal tenure"), originally "to let have, to leave (to someone)," from PIE *leikw- "to leave" (see RELINQUISH (Cf. relinquish)).
The Norse word also is cognate with O.E. læn "gift," which did not survive into Middle English, but its derived verb lænan is the source of LEND (Cf. lend). As a verb, loan is attested from 1540s, perhaps earlier, and formerly was current, but has now been supplanted in England by lend, though it survives in American English.
Loan word (1874) is a translation of Ger. Lehnwort; loan-translation is attested 1933, from Ger. Lehnübersetzung. Slang loan shark first attested 1900.

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • LOAN — (Heb. הַלְוָאָה, halva ah), a transaction in which a thing, usually money, is given by one person, called the malveh ( lender ), to another, called the loveh ( borrower ), for the latter s use and enjoyment, and in order that such thing or its… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • loan — n 1 a: money lent at interest b: something lent usu. for the borrower s temporary use 2: a transfer or delivery of money from one party to another with the express or implied agreement that the sum will be repaid regardless of contingency and usu …   Law dictionary

  • loan — verb. In 19c British English, loan was a standard alternative for lend, but by the time Fowler wrote (1926) loan had been largely driven out by lend, although it has continued in use in AmE. In current use loan is mostly confined to non British… …   Modern English usage

  • Loan — Loan, n. [OE. lone, lane, AS. l[=a]n, l[ae]n, fr. le[ o]n to lend; akin to D. leen loan, fief, G. lehen fief, Icel. l[=a]n, G. leihen to lend, OHG. l[=i]han, Icel. lj[=i], Goth. leihwan, L. linquere to leave, Gr. lei pein, Skr. ric. [root]119. Cf …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • LOAN — oder Loan bezeichnet: LOAN, ICAO Code des Flugplatz Wiener Neustadt/Ost Benjamin F. Loan (1819–1881), US amerikanischer Politiker Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrerer mit demselben Wor …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • loan — loan·able; loan; loan·er; loan·ing; …   English syllables

  • loan — ► NOUN 1) a thing that is borrowed, especially a sum of money that is expected to be paid back with interest. 2) the action of lending. ► VERB ▪ give as a loan. ● on loan Cf. ↑on loan DERIVATIVES …   English terms dictionary

  • loan — [lōn] n. [ME lone < ON lān (akin to OE læn, lending, loan, lænan, to lend) < IE base * leikw , to leave behind > L linquere, Gr leipen, Sans riṅákti, (he) leaves] 1. the act of lending, esp. to use for a short time [the loan of a pen] 2 …   English World dictionary

  • Loan — Loan, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Loaned}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Loaning}.] To lend; sometimes with out. Kent. [1913 Webster] By way of location or loaning them out. J. Langley (1644). [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Loan — (l[=o]n), n. [See {Lawn}.] A loanin. [Scot.] [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.