hydrogen


hydrogen
hydrogen 1791, from Fr. hydrogène, coined 1787 by G. de Morveau, Lavoisier, Berthollet, and Fourcroy from Gk. hydr-, stem of hydros "water" (see WATER (Cf. water) (n.1)) + Fr. -gène "producing" (see -GEN (Cf. -gen)). So called because it forms water when exposed to oxygen. Nativized in Russian as vodorod; in German, it is wasserstoff, "water-stuff." An earlier name for it in English was Cavendish's inflammable air (1767). Hydrogen bomb first recorded 1947; shortened form H-bomb is from 1950.

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hydrogen — Hy dro*gen, n. [Hydro , 1 + gen: cf. F. hydrog[ e]ne. So called because water is generated by its combustion. See {Hydra}.] (Chem.) A gaseous element, colorless, tasteless, and odorless, the lightest known substance, being fourteen and a half… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Hydrogen — Capture d écran …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hydrogen 7 — steht für: den BMW Hydrogen 7, ein Wasserstofffahrzeug von BMW ein Wasserstoffisotop mit 6 Neutronen, Hydrogen 7 Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrerer mit demselben Wort bezeichneter Begriffe …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • hydrogen — [hī′drə jən] n. [Fr hydrogène (see HYDRO & GEN): coined (1787) by L. B. Guyton de Morveau (1737 1816), Fr chemist, in reference to the generation of water from the combustion of hydrogen] a flammable, colorless, odorless, gaseous chemical element …   English World dictionary

  • Hydrogēn — Hydrogēn, Wasserstoff; Hydrogēngas, Wasserstoffgas. Hydrogēnheizung u. Hydrogēnerleuchtung, Heizung u. Beleuchtung mit Wasserstoffgas, s.d. Hydrogēnpol, der negative Pol einer galvanischen Kette, weil an ihm sich bei der Zerlegung des Wassers das …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Hydrogen — Hydrogēn (Hydrogenĭum, grch.), Wasserstoff …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Hydrogen — Hydrogen, griech. dtsch., Wasserstoff; H. pol, negativer Pol, s. Galvanismus …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Hydrogen... — Hydrogen...,   Präfix für die Bezeichnung saurer Salze in der anorganischen Chemie; z. B. Hydrogencarbonate, die sauren Salze der Kohlensäure, Hydrogensulfate, die sauren Salze der Schwefelsäure …   Universal-Lexikon

  • hydrogen — Symbol: H Atomic number: 1 Atomic weight: 1.0079 Colourless, odourless gaseous chemical element. Lightest and most abundant element in the universe. Present in water and in all organic compounds. Chemically reacts with most elements. Discovered… …   Elements of periodic system

  • hydrogen — ► NOUN ▪ a colourless, odourless, highly flammable gas which is the lightest of the chemical elements …   English terms dictionary


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.