hundred


hundred
hundred (n.) O.E. hundred "the number of 100, a counting of 100," from W.Gmc. *hundrath (Cf. O.N. hundrað, Ger. hundert), first element is P.Gmc. *hunda- "hundred" (Cf. Goth. hund, O.H.G. hunt), from PIE *kmtom "hundred" (Cf. Skt. satam, Avestan satem, Gk. hekaton, L. centum, Lith. simtas, O.Ir. cet, Bret. kant "hundred"), from *dekm- "ten." Second element is P.Gmc. *rath "reckoning, number" (Cf. Goth. raþjo "a reckoning, account, number," garaþjan "to count;" see READ (Cf. read)). The common word for the number in O.E. was simple hund, and O.E. also used hund-teontig.
In Old Norse hundrath meant 120, that is the long hundred of six score, and at a later date, when both the six-score hundred and the five-score hundred were in use, the old or long hundred was styled hundrath tolf-roett ... meaning "duodecimal hundred," and the new or short hundred was called hundrath ti-rætt, meaning "decimal hundred." "The Long Hundred and its use in England" was discussed by Mr W.H. Stevenson, in 1889, in the Archcæological Review (iv. 313-27), where he stated that amongst the Teutons, who longest preserved their native customs unimpaired by the influence of Latin Christianity, the hundred was generally the six-score hundred. The short hundred was introduced among the Northmen in the train of Christianity. ["Transactions" of the Lancashire and Cheshire Antiquarian Society, 1907]
Meaning "division of a county or shire with its own court" (still in some British place names and U.S. state of Delaware) was in O.E. and probably represents 100 hides of land. The Hundred Years War (which ran intermittently from 1337 to 1453) was first so called in 1874. The original Hundred Days was the period between Napoleon's restoration and his final abdication in 1815.

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

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  • Hundred — Hun dred (h[u^]n dr[e^]d), n. [OE. hundred, AS. hundred a territorial division; hund hundred + a word akin to Goth. ga ra[thorn]jan to count, L. ratio reckoning, account; akin to OS. hunderod, hund, D. hondred, G. hundert, OHG. also hunt, Icel.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Hundred — might be:* Hundred (word), a word typically meaning the number 100 * Hundred (administrative division), a mostly obsolete geographic subdivision used for administrative purposes * Hundred Days, aka Waterloo Campaign * Hundred, West Virginia *… …   Wikipedia

  • Hundred — Hundred, WV U.S. town in West Virginia Population (2000): 344 Housing Units (2000): 178 Land area (2000): 0.467541 sq. miles (1.210925 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.467541 sq. miles (1.210925 …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Hundred, WV — U.S. town in West Virginia Population (2000): 344 Housing Units (2000): 178 Land area (2000): 0.467541 sq. miles (1.210925 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.467541 sq. miles (1.210925 sq. km)… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • hundred — ► CARDINAL NUMBER 1) ten more than ninety; 100. (Roman numeral: c or C.) 2) (hundreds) informal an unspecified large number. 3) used to express whole hours in the twenty four hour system. ► NOUN Brit. historical ▪ a subdivision o …   English terms dictionary

  • Hundred — Hun dred, a. Ten times ten; five score; as, a hundred dollars. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • hundred — A political subdivision in old England. Dictionary from West s Encyclopedia of American Law. 2005. hundred A political subdivision in old England …   Law dictionary

  • Hundred — (spr. Höndr d), 1) Landesabtheilung der Angelsachsen in England; 2) eine 100 Grundeigenthümer umfassende, von Alfred in der Gerichtsbarkeit gemachte Gauabtheilung; die H. war wieder in zehn. Thitinge (decimae) eingetheilt; mehre Hundreds bildeten …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Hundred — (»Hundertschaft«), bei den Angelsachsen eine Unterabteilung des Gaues (s. Gau) oder der Grafschaft (shire), entsprach der fränkischen Hundertschaft; dann (hundretum, hundreta) die Versammlung der freien Männer aus einem solchen Bezirk, die zur… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Hundred — Hundred, Hundertschaft, in der angelsächs. Zeit eine Abteilung der Grafschaft (shire); dann auch die monatliche Versammlung der freien Männer eines solchen Landesbezirks zu Zwecken der Gerichtsbarkeit …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon


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