hour


hour
hour mid-13c., from O.Fr. hore "one-twelfth of a day" (sunrise to sunset), from L. hora "hour, time, season," from Gk. hora "any limited time," from PIE *yor-a-, from root *yer- "year, season" (see YEAR (Cf. year)). Greek hora was "a season; 'the season;'" in classical times, sometimes, "a part of the day," such as morning, evening, noon, night. The Greek astronomers apparently borrowed the notion of dividing the day into twelve parts (mentioned in Herodotus) from the Babylonians (night continued to be divided into four watches), but as the amount of daylight changed throughout the year, the hours were not fixed or of equal length. Equinoctal hours did not become established in Europe until the 4c., and as late as 16c. distinction sometimes was made between temporary (unequal) hours and sidereal (equal) ones. The h- has persisted in this word despite not being pronounced since Roman times. Replaced O.E. tid, lit. "time," and stund "period of time." As a measure of distance ("the distance that can be covered in an hour") it is recorded from 1785.

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

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  • hour — W1S1 [auə US aur] n ▬▬▬▬▬▬▬ 1¦(60 minutes)¦ 2¦(business/work etc)¦ 3 (work) long/regular etc hours 4¦(time of day)¦ 5¦(long time)¦ 6¦(o clock)¦ 7 1300/1530/1805 etc hours 8 by the hour/from hour to hour 9 lunch/din …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • hour — [ aur ] noun *** ▸ 1 60 minutes of time ▸ 2 a long time ▸ 3 time in which you do something ▸ 4 particular time of day ▸ 5 point in history/life ▸ 6 exact time ▸ + PHRASES 1. ) count a period of time that consists of 60 minutes. 30 minutes is… …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • Hour — Hour, n. [OE. hour, our, hore, ure, OF. hore, ore, ure, F. heure, L. hora, fr. Gr. ?, orig., a definite space of time, fixed by natural laws; hence, a season, the time of the day, an hour. See {Year}, and cf. {Horologe}, {Horoscope}.] 1. The… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Hour 25 — was a radio program focusing on science fiction, fantasy, and science. It was broadcast on Pacifica radio station KPFK in Southern California from 1972 to 2000, and is now distributed over the Internet. It has featured numerous interviews with… …   Wikipedia

  • hour — [our] n. [ME < OFr hore < L hora < Gr hōra, hour, time, period, season < IE base * yē , year, summer (< * ei , to go) > YEAR] 1. a) a division of time, one of the twenty four parts of a day; sixty minutes b) one of the twelve… …   English World dictionary

  • hour|ly — «OWR lee», adjective, adverb. –adj. 1. done, happening, or counted every hour: »to give hourly doses of medicine. hourly weather reports on the radio. 2. coming very often; frequent: »hourly messages. 3. paid by the hour: »an hourly employee.… …   Useful english dictionary

  • hour — hour; hour·age; hour·less; hour·ly; …   English syllables

  • hour — ► NOUN 1) a period of time equal to a twenty fourth part of a day and night; 60 minutes. 2) a time of day specified as an exact number of hours from midnight or midday. 3) a period set aside for a particular purpose or activity. 4) a point in… …   English terms dictionary

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  • hour — index point (period of time) Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary