fire


fire
{{11}}fire (n.) O.E. fyr, from P.Gmc. *fuir (Cf. O.S., O.Fris. fiur, O.N. fürr, M.Du., Du. vuur, O.H.G. fiur, Ger. Feuer), from PIE *perjos, from root *paewr- (Cf. Armenian hur "fire, torch," Czech pyr "hot ashes," Gk. pyr, Umbrian pir, Skt. pu, Hittite pahhur "fire"). Current spelling is attested as early as 1200, but did not fully displace M.E. fier (preserved in FIERY (Cf. fiery)) until c.1600.
PIE apparently had two roots for fire: *paewr- and *egni- (Cf. L. ignis). The former was "inanimate," referring to fire as a substance, and the latter was "animate," referring to it as a living force (see WATER (Cf. water)).
Fire applied in English to passions, feelings, from mid-14c. Meaning "action of guns, etc." is from 1580s. Firecracker is Amer.Eng. coinage for what is in England just cracker, but the U.S. word distinguishes it from the word meaning "biscuit." Fire-engine attested from 1680s. The figurative expression play with fire "risk disaster" is from 1887; phrase where's the fire? "what's the hurry?" first recorded 1924.
{{12}}fire (v.) c.1200, furen, figurative, "arouse, excite;" literal sense of "set fire to" is from late 14c., from FIRE (Cf. fire) (n.). The O.E. verb fyrian "to supply with fire" apparently did not survive into M.E. The sense of "sack, dismiss" is first recorded 1885 in Amer.Eng. (earlier "throw (someone) out" of some place, 1871), probably from a play on the two meanings of DISCHARGE (Cf. discharge): "to dismiss from a position," and "to fire a gun," fire in the second sense being from "set fire to gunpowder," attested from 1520s. Of bricks, pottery, etc., from 1660s. Related: Fired; firing. Fired up "angry" is from 1824. Firing squad is attested from 1904.

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Fire — (f[imac]r), n. [OE. fir, fyr, fur AS. f[=y]r; akin to D. vuur, OS. & OHG. fiur, G. feuer, Icel. f[=y]ri, f[=u]rr, Gr. py^r, and perh. to L. purus pure, E. pure Cf. {Empyrean}, {Pyre}.] 1. The evolution of light and heat in the combustion of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • FIRE — (Heb. אֵשׁ). In the Bible Once humans discovered that fire could be maintained and exploited for their needs, it became one of their most important assets. Fire was used for light, warmth, cooking, roasting, baking, in waging war, and in various… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • fire — [fīr] n. [ME fyr < OE, akin to Ger feuer < IE base * pewōr > Gr pyra, PYRE, Czech pýř, glowing embers] 1. the active principle of burning, characterized by the heat and light of combustion 2. fuel burning in a furnace, fireplace, etc. 3 …   English World dictionary

  • fire — ► NOUN 1) the state of burning, in which substances combine chemically with oxygen from the air and give out bright light, heat, and smoke. 2) an instance of destructive burning. 3) wood or coal burnt in a hearth or stove for heating or cooking.… …   English terms dictionary

  • Fire — Fire, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Fired}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Fring}.] 1. To set on fire; to kindle; as, to fire a house or chimney; to fire a pile. [1913 Webster] 2. To subject to intense heat; to bake; to burn in a kiln; as, to fire pottery. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Fire!! — was an African American literary magazine published in 1926 during the Harlem Renaissance. The publication was started by Wallace Thurman, Zora Neale Hurston, Aaron Douglas, John P. Davis, Richard Bruce Nugent, Gwendolyn Bennett, Countee Cullen,… …   Wikipedia

  • Fire — bezeichnet: ein ehemaliges vierteljährliches Literaturmagazin, siehe Fire!! ein Filmdrama der kanadischen Regisseurin Deepa Mehta, siehe Fire – Wenn Liebe Feuer fängt ein LCD Spiel der Reihe Nintendo Game Watch, siehe auch Bouncing Babies… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • fire — FÍRE, firi, s.f. 1. Mediul natural (împreună cu fiinţele care trăiesc în el). ♢ loc. adv. Peste fire = extraordinar; în cel mai înalt grad. 2. Structură psihică şi morală a unei fiinţe; caracter, temperament. 3. Minte, cuget; cumpăt. ♢ loc. adj.… …   Dicționar Român

  • fire — [n1] burning blaze, bonfire, campfire, charring, coals, combustion, conflagration, devouring, element, embers, flame and smoke, flames, flare, glow, hearth, heat, holocaust, hot spot*, incandescence, inferno, luminosity, oxidation, phlogiston,… …   New thesaurus

  • Fire It Up — can refer to: * Fire It Up (album) , a 1979 album by funk singer Rick James * Fire It Up (Rick James song) , a single also released by Rick James from the same album. * Fire It Up (Black Label Society song) , a 2005 single released from hard rock …   Wikipedia

  • fire — n Fire, conflagration, holocaust are comparable when meaning a blaze that reduces or threatens to reduce one or more buildings to ashes. Fire is the general term referable to such an event, whether it involves one or many buildings and whether it …   New Dictionary of Synonyms